RAND Research on Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in the U.S. Military

Leaders of large organizations like the U.S. Department of Defense are seeking to improve the diversity of their workforces, and to implement inclusive practices in their workplace. Demographic diversity is only one aspect. Leaders want their workforces to reflect the racial, ethnic, gender, socioeconomic, ideological, and generational makeup of society. But successful organizations are adopting a broader definition of diversity that includes differences in experience, skills, and educational background. Leaders have made improving diversity a strategic goal, reasoning that a broader range of skills and talent will improve the organization's overall performance.

RAND has examined workforce diversity and inclusive employment practices for the Department of Defense, as well as for the Department of Homeland Security. RAND is known for its association with the repeal of the "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" policy that prevented openly gay and lesbian individuals from serving in the U.S. military. RAND's 2010 report Sexual Orientation and U.S. Military Personnel Policy found broad support for the removal of the policy, and few impacts on the readiness of U.S. armed forces; this report is widely thought to have contributed to the repeal of the policy in 2011.

This page collects defense-related RAND publications on Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion. Each report on this list was conducted by one of RAND's four Federally Funded Research and Development Centers (FFRDCs).

Publications Examining Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion from RAND's FFRDCs