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The study developed and pilot-tested a PrEP screener for use in primary care clinics to help facilitate PrEP uptake. Findings suggest that brief HIV risk screening in primary care is acceptable, feasible, and shows preliminary effects in increasing PrEP referral rates.
Mar 5, 2021
Erik D. Storholm, Daniel Siconolfi, Wenjing Huang, William Towner, Deborah Ling Grant, Alexander Martos, John T. Chang, Rulin Hechter
This study fielded a survey in RAND's American Life Panel, coinciding with the partial reintroduction of the Social Security Statement. The findings indicate that regular mailings can play a role in shaping workers' retirement plans.
Patients, clinicians, and health systems increasingly align around the importance of high-quality communication in serious illness. We offer recommendations to advance serious illness communication quality measurement.
Mar 2, 2021
Justin J. Sanders, Joanna Paladino, Erica Reaves, Hannah Luetke-Stahlman, Rebecca Anhang Price, Karl Lorenz, Laura C. Hanson, J. Randall Curtis, Diane Meier, Erik K. Fromme, Susan D. Block
This report describes analyses, using data from the 2014 RAND Military Workplace Study, designed to identify how the sexual harassment of others in a service member's work environment affects his or her own risk of being sexually assaulted.
Mar 2, 2021
Terry L. Schell, Matthew Cefalu, Coreen Farris, Andrew R. Morral
We investigate how leaders support their interpretations of problems and proposed solutions during closed-door negotiations around three policy decisions, and how they invoke race, class, and language in the process.
Mar 2, 2021
Alice Huguet, Cynthia E. Coburn, Caitlin C. Farrell, Debbie H. Kim, Anna-Ruth Allen
We synthesize relevant theories and models of disaster, migration, and family resilience to create a framework to organize the complex processes that occur within families as a result of migration and that affect the mental health of children.
Mar 2, 2021
Saskia R. Vos, Aaron Clark-Ginsberg, Sofia Puente-Duran, Christopher P. Salas-Wright, Maria C. Duque, Ivonne Calderón Herrera, Mildred M. Maldonado-Molina, Melissa N. Castillo, Tae Kyoung Lee, Maria Fernanda Garcia, Cristina A. Fernandez, Marissa Hanson, Carolina Scaramutti, Seth J. Schwartz
Recent polls show that Black Americans are less willing than Americans of other races or ethnicities to be vaccinated for COVID-19. RAND researchers surveyed Black Americans to better understand the drivers of such hesitancy.
Mar 1, 2021
Laura M. Bogart, Lu Dong, Priya Gandhi, Samantha Ryan, Terry L. Smith, David J. Klein, Luckie-Alexander Fuller, Bisola O. Ojikutu
This report, the second in a three-part series, employs a novel empirical approach to systematically assess the current operating status of known detention facilities in Xinjiang using nighttime lighting.
Opportunities exist to improve hospice care for symptom palliation and training for caregivers when their family members are at home or in an ALF setting. Efforts to improve care for cancer patients in the NH and ALF setting are especially needed.
Feb 26, 2021
Layla Parast, Anagha Alka Tolpadi, Joan M. Teno, Marc N. Elliott, Rebecca Anhang Price
RAND Europe and partners were commissioned by Transport for London (TfL) to update and enhance their strategic transport model, the Model of Travel in London (MoTiON). This report documents RAND Europe's work on the mode-destination choice models.
RAND Europe and partners were commissioned by Transport for London (TfL) to update and enhance their strategic transport model, the Model of Travel in London (MoTiON). This report documents RAND Europe's work on the frequency models.
Depending on definition, the middle class has been either receiving less income (as a share of total) or shrinking in size since the 1970s. Lower-income Americans and their children will likely have limited opportunities for upward mobility.
The 10Plan is a self-pay plan for individuals currently uninsured or covered by a private nongroup health insurance plan. The authors built a microsimulation model to estimate health care spending under both the status quo and the 10Plan.
Feb 25, 2021
Kandice A. Kapinos, Carter C. Price, Drew M. Anderson, Adrienne M. Propp, Raffaele Vardavas, Christopher M. Whaley
Our objective was to explore the extent of consensus among expert stakeholders regarding what analgesic issues should be prioritized for comparative-effectiveness studies of beneficial and adverse effects of analgesic regimens in nursing home residents.
Feb 25, 2021
Kate L. Lapane, Catherine Dubé, Anne L. Hume, Jennifer Tjia, Bill M. Jesdale, Jayne Pawasauskas, Dmitry Khodyakov
This report provides an overview of RAND's work on air base defense and attack from 1951 through 2020, describes RAND's contributions, and identifies enduring insights for improving the resiliency of U.S. air bases in the face of modern threats.
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