Artificial Intelligence

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Technology, machines, and software that have the ability to be self-directed and learn from their actions are generally known as artificial intelligence. In the early days of computing, RAND researchers examined and tried to develop such technology and apply it for use in political and military simulations.

  • Commentary

    Policymaking Needs to Get Ahead of Artificial Intelligence

    President Biden's executive order on AI is a key step toward a regulatory regime that protects against AI's possible perils while balancing its potential. But more policies are needed—especially when it comes to security issues.

    Jan 12, 2024

  • Commentary

    How Might AI Affect the Rise and Fall of Nations?

    As artificial intelligence continues to advance, geopolitics may never be the same. The AI development path that ultimately unfolds will matter enormously for the shape and contours of the future world.

    Nov 3, 2023

Explore Artificial Intelligence

  • Concentrated asian middle aged female businesswoman using portable computer, photo by bongkarn/Adobe Stock

    Report

    Using Artificial Intelligence Tools in K–12 Classrooms

    How is AI beginning to affect teaching and learning in K–12 public schools? Teachers reported how they use AI tools in their practices, and district leaders reported whether and how they are providing policies, guidance, and training on the use of AI tools.

    Apr 17, 2024

  • U.S. President Joe Biden walks across the stage to sign an Executive Order about AI at the White House in Washington, October 30, 2023, photo by Leah Millis/Reuters

    Commentary

    Generative Artificial Intelligence Threats to Information Integrity

    Deepfakes and AI-generated images, video, and voiceovers could threaten financial markets, undermine elections, and facilitate foreign propaganda campaigns. What are potential policy options to address these evolving threats?

    Apr 16, 2024

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Developing AI Capacity and Expertise in UK Defence: Written Evidence Submitted by RAND Europe

    This submission explores the Ministry of Defence's efforts to advance AI capacity, looks at the strengths of the UK AI sector and considers how to embed AI companies into defence supply chains. Finally, it looks at AI in the context of AUKUS.

    Apr 10, 2024

  • Illustration of two people sitting at a negotiation table with U.S. and Chinese flags, photo by erhui1979/Getty Images

    Commentary

    Building a Foundation for Strategic Stability with China on AI

    In an atmosphere of deepening mutual suspicion, trying to engage with China on military uses of artificial intelligence may seem pointless. But if negotiations go somewhere, U.S. security might be palpably improved. It they fail, there is little downside.

    Apr 2, 2024

  • Conceptual represenatation of the effects of artificial intelligence, image by Florence Lo/Reuters; design by Haley Okuley/RAND

    Content

    Analyzing the Rise of AI: Insights from RAND

    Which jobs are likely to be most affected by AI? How might AI tools support military decisionmaking? What can be done to ensure that algorithms don’t worsen inequity? RAND experts are studying these and other important questions.

    Apr 2, 2024

  • Conceptual image of a smart city that uses AI technology, photo by metamorworks/Getty Images

    Report

    Artificial Intelligence and Critical Infrastructure

    What threats, vulnerabilities, and consequences might AI present for critical infrastructure applications in the next ten years?

    Apr 2, 2024

  • Report

    Report

    Foundation Model Convening: Conference Summary

    These proceedings capture perspectives emerging from a convening focused on artificial intelligence safety and security issues, such as legal liability, international governance, and cybersecurity.

    Mar 26, 2024

  • A man in a chemical protective suit and gas mask using a hi-tech device to check the area near floating molecules, illustrations by Grandfailure and traffic_analyzer/Getty Images

    Article

    Red-Teaming the Risks of Using AI in Biological Attacks

    A RAND experiment brought together several dozen researchers to role-play bad guys planning a biological attack. Some had access to large language models while others only had access to the internet. A panel of experts graded each team's plan on whether or not it could be viable.

    Mar 25, 2024

  • Report

    Report

    Cultural and technological change in the future information environment

    This report examines how technological developments may shape culture in the future information environment. We identified key areas of technological change and applied a new conceptual framework to understand how technological change impacts culture.

    Mar 25, 2024

  • Research Brief

    How can emerging technologies shape culture? Insights from a deep-dive into the future information environment

    This research brief discusses how we can better understand the impact of emerging technologies on culture. It is based on RAND research on technological innovation and cultural change in the future information environment.

    Mar 25, 2024

  • Passengers take biometric facial recognition photos at Houston International Airport, February 12, 2018, photo by Donna Burton/U.S. Customs and Border Protection

    Commentary

    Americans Need to Know How the Government Will Use AI

    Americans have been concerned about tech-enabled government surveillance for as long as they have known about it. With the recent Department of Homeland Security announcement that it is embracing artificial intelligence, that concern isn't going away anytime soon. How could federal agencies mitigate some of that fear?

    Mar 22, 2024

  • Periodical

    Periodical

    RAND Review: March-April 2024

    The cover story summarizes RAND's Climate Change and Conflict project, which explores planning implications for U.S. Central Command. The Q&A with David Ochmanek explores how to reverse the erosion of U.S. and allied military power and influence.

    Mar 22, 2024

  • Illustration of a chromosome to depict gene editing, image by LuckyStep/Adobe Stock

    Article

    Artificial Intelligence and Biotechnology: Risks and Opportunities

    Machine learning is helping scientists make sense of the genetic keys that could unlock new crops, new drugs, and vaccines. But policymakers may not be prepared for the impact those two fields could have together. To make the most of the opportunities to come, and to avoid the dangers, that has to change.

    Mar 21, 2024

  • face recognition technology concept illustration, photo by Adobe Stock

    Report

    Public Perceptions of Artificial Intelligence for Homeland Security

    Authors researched public perceptions of government use of facial recognition technology and other artificial intelligence technologies, including through a nationally representative survey.

    Mar 20, 2024

  • Digital tablet with CCTV camera playback, Photo by Framestock/Adobe Stock

    Research Brief

    Public Perceptions of Artificial Intelligence for Homeland Security

    Authors researched public perceptions of government use of facial recognition technology and other artificial intelligence technologies, including through a nationally representative survey.

    Mar 20, 2024

  • Illustration of data coming from a cell phone superimposed over Chinese and American flags, images by David Peperkamp/Getty Images and somemeans/Adobe Stock

    Report

    AI-Powered Information Warfare in the Indo-Pacific

    Advanced artificial intelligence technologies could enhance China's ability to conduct information operations at an unprecedented scale and sophistication. Collaboration with partner nations is crucial for sharing intelligence, building a collective understanding of threats, and coordinating responses.

    Mar 14, 2024

  • Commentary

    Commentary

    Analyzing Harms from AI-Generated Images and Safeguarding Online Authenticity

    The author highlights the challenges of tackling the myriad safety harms that arise from artificial intelligence–generated images and provides considerations for U.S. policy to safeguard the authenticity of images on the internet.

    Mar 13, 2024

  • Doula touching the stomach of a pregant woman while sitting on a couch, photo by Antonio_Diaz/Getty Images

    Journal Article

    The Infant Health Effects of Doulas: Leveraging Big Data and Machine Learning to Inform Cost-Effective Targeting

    We use unique data, machine learning, and causal inference to examine doula services. We show that the benefits to infant health increase as the risk increases, demonstrating the potential to use big data to provide cost-effective support.

    Mar 13, 2024

  • A brain made of circuit boards inside glowing blue and purple geometric shapes, photo by SpiffyJ/Getty Images

    Q&A

    Is AI an Existential Risk? Q&A with RAND Experts

    What are the potential risks associated with artificial intelligence? Might any of these be catastrophic or even existential? And as momentum builds toward boundless applications of this technology, how might humanity reduce AI risk and navigate an uncertain future?

    Mar 11, 2024

  • RAND president and CEO Jason Matheny in Washington, D.C., October 7, 2022, photo by Jason Dixson Photography

    Q&A

    Tech, National Security, and China: Q&A with Jason Matheny

    Jason Matheny is one of the nation's leading experts on the interplay between technology and national security. In this Q&A, he discusses semiconductors, artificial intelligence, and the future of foreign investment in the United States.

    Mar 8, 2024