Assessment of Postoperative Opioid Prescriptions Before and After Implementation of a Mandatory Prescription Drug Monitoring Program
In this study of adult patients who received a postoperative prescription for opioid medication, mandatory consultation with EHR-based alerts was associated with decreases in prescription quantities.
Monitoring the evolution of the pandemic in our society is crucial. This discussion highlights some very important principles of statistical sampling that are relevant to formulating policy.
Aug 4, 2020
A contingent cash transfer program in Nigeria—in which expectant mothers were given $14 if they used prenatal, delivery, and postnatal services—led to a large increase in the use of such care and a substantial reduction in child deaths.
Jun 22, 2020
Maternal Cash Transfers Led To Increases In Facility Deliveries And Improved Quality Of Delivery Care In Nigeria
A randomized controlled trial in Nigeria evaluated an intervention that paid pregnant women to deliver in a health facility, which led to a 41% increase in facility deliveries. We found improvements in the quality of delivery care and in satisfaction with care.
Jun 4, 2020
Despite stronger financial incentives for community health workers, the entrepreneurial model led to substantially less effort (fewer household visits) than the free delivery model. Our results call into question the notion that an entrepreneurial model necessarily increases community health worker effort relative to free distribution.
May 1, 2020
Will Modicare provide financial protection and improve health? Evidence from other health insurance reforms, including a regional predecessor to Modicare in India, provide some important clues.
Apr 15, 2020
Women and Children Living in Areas of Armed Conflict in Africa: A Geospatial Analysis of Mortality and Orphanhood
The population effects of armed conflict on non-combatant vulnerable populations are incompletely understood. We aimed to study the effects of conflict on mortality among women of childbearing age (15-49 years) and on orphanhood among children younger than 15 years in Africa.
Oct 30, 2019
Armed conflict substantially increases infant mortality in Africa, on a scale equivalent to and several times greater than estimates of deaths from conflict.
Dec 27, 2018
A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of HIV Among Los Angeles County Men Who Have Sex with Men
Some strategies for treating high-risk individuals before HIV infection can be cost effective while helping to reduce incidence of the disease.
Dec 1, 2016
PEPFAR Funding Associated with an Increase in Employment Among Males in Ten Sub-Saharan African Countries
The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) economic impact should be taken into account when making aid allocation decisions.
Jul 7, 2015
The Affordable Care Act May Increase the Number of People Getting Tested for HIV by Nearly 500,000 by 2017
The impact on both HIV testing and new diagnoses would be nearly 30 percent larger if all fifty states expanded Medicaid.
Mar 1, 2014
Test-and-treat in Los Angeles: A Mathematical Model of the Effects of Test-And-Treat for the Population of Men Who Have Sex with Men in Los Angeles County
There is evidence to suggest that antiretroviral therapy (ART) and testing for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) reduce the probability of transmission of HIV.
Jun 1, 2013
With the exception of office visits, prices for most common health services don't differ between consumer-directed health plans and traditional plans.