Former Swedish Prime Minister Discusses Building of Nation States at Pardee RAND Graduate School Commencement

For Release

June 24, 2006

The Pardee RAND Graduate School, which has awarded more Ph.D.s in policy analysis than any graduate school, today awarded 23 doctorial degrees to new graduates during the school's commencement ceremonies at the RAND Corporation's Santa Monica, Calif., headquarters.

Commencement speaker Carl Bildt, a diplomat and former prime minister of Sweden, told graduates that his experience working in Bosnia and elsewhere has shown that building stable states in troubled parts of the world requires more resources and more time than most people believe.

Bildt outlined the many lessons he has learned from his efforts in establishing states, including the need to quickly establish order and the rule of law following the end of a conflict.

"We have learned that this requires manpower in great numbers," Bildt said. "It can't be done by machines alone. And we have learned that the numbers necessary to secure a peace are almost always greater than the numbers necessary to win a war."

Bildt also warned that while the biggest threat to the world in past decades was posed by strong states, a large threat today is posed by weak states where authority can crumble, providing an opportunity for terrorists who direct their hate against others.

RAND Corporation President and CEO James A. Thomson congratulated the graduates on their accomplishment, noting that their strong training in policy analysis has prepared them for leadership roles in both the public and private sectors all around the world.

In addition to the United States, the Pardee RAND Graduate School's graduating class includes students from Pakistan, Kenya, South Africa, South Korea, China, the Netherlands, Switzerland and Japan.

"The power of rational analysis is unmatched in cutting through the chains of entrenched beliefs, ideological biases, parochial interests and bureaucratic resistance," Thomson said.

Honorary degrees were awarded to James Castle Gaither, a former member of the RAND Board of Trustees and a contributor to the growth of Silicon Valley; Fred Charles Iklé, a former RAND staff member who was a major Cold War strategist during the Nixon, Ford and Reagan administrations; and Linda Gaye Martin, a former RAND vice president and demographic researcher who served as president of the Population Council.

The commencement ceremonies were the first held at RAND's new headquarters, which were opened in the fall of 2004. The ceremonies were orchestrated by new Pardee RAND Graduate School Dean John D. Graham, a former official in the White House Office of Management and Budget.

The Pardee RAND Graduate School was founded in 1970 as one of America's original eight graduate programs in public policy and remains the only one based at a think tank. The interdisciplinary doctorate in policy analysis offered by the school is designed to train creative thinkers to play important roles in solving major problems facing the world.

Students get the opportunity to work alongside top RAND researchers on a broad range of projects as part of their on-the-job training. Graduates have moved on to leading positions in government, academia and the private sector.

About the RAND Corporation

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