Affective, Substance Use, and Anxiety Disorders in Persons with Arthritis, Diabetes, Heart Disease, High Blood Pressure, or Chronic Lung Conditions

Published in: General Hospital Psychiatry, v. 11, no. 5, Sep. 1989, p. 320-327

Posted on RAND.org on January 01, 1989

by Kenneth B. Wells, Jacqueline M. Golding, M. Audrey Burnam

Read More

Access further information on this document at www.elsevier.com

This article was published outside of RAND. The full text of the article can be found at the link above.

The authors estimated the sex- and age-adjusted prevalence of affective, substance use, and anxiety disorders in persons in a general population sample who identified themselves as having arthritis, diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, chronic lung disease, or no chronic medical conditions. Persons who reported ever having arthritis, heart disease, chronic lung disease, or high blood pressure had a significantly increased adjusted prevalence of each of the three groups of lifetime psychiatric disorders, relative to a no-chronic conditions comparison group (each p less than 0.05). Persons who ever had diabetes had an increased adjusted prevalence of lifetime affective and anxiety but not substance use disorder. Persons with current (i.e., active) arthritis, heart disease, or high blood pressure had a significantly increased adjusted prevalence of recent (6-month) anxiety disorder, whereas those with current chronic lung disease had an increased adjusted prevalence of recent affective and substance use but not anxiety disorder.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation external publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.