Estimated associations of subjective reasons for drinking with heavy drinking (HD), frequent drinking (FD), and alcohol abuse or dependence (AAOD). Respondents were 725 Mexican-American and 915 non-Hispanic White community residents who reported drinking at least once in the 6 mo before being interviewed. Each reason for drinking and number of reasons given for drinking were associated with HD, FD, or AAOD. However, multivariate models suggested that different reasons may be associated with different types of alcohol involvement. Cultural differences in alcohol involvement were typically not accounted for by cultural differences in reasons for drinking. Drinking to cheer up or to loosen up around people and drinking to induce sleep had different associations with HD and AAOD in different cultural groups. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
This report is part of the RAND Corporation External publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.
Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/research-integrity.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.