This case examines several representative applications of demographic analysis in political redistricting and in the legal challenges to local election systems that sometimes ensue. The first section describes the institutional setting and rules that apply when redistricting is done. The second section focuses on the legal, standards embodying, those rules and illustrates how those standards can be quantified in local situations. The third section distinguishes several roles that applied demographers can take on throughout the redistricting process. The fourth and final section presents emerging developments in this area.
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