Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
Published in: Comprehensive Clinical Psychology, vol. 6: Adults: Clinical Formulation and Treatment / Edited by P. Salkovskis, (Oxford: Elsevier Science Ltd., 1998), Chapter 6.22, p. 499-517
Posted on RAND.org on December 31, 1997
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder that consists of a sustained and dysfunctional emotional reaction to an extreme stressor. Factors related to risk of developing chronic disturbance may be divided into three types: pretrauma factors, factors related to the trauma itself, and post-trauma factors. The authors review research relevant to each of these factors.