Effects of the 1996 Welfare Reform Changes on the SSI Program

Published in: The New World of Welfare / Edited by Rebecca M. Blank and Ron Haskins (Washington, D.C. Brookings Institution Press, 2001), Chapter 19, p. 482-498

by Lynn A. Karoly, Jacob Alex Klerman, Jeannette Rogowski

The authors examine the impact of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) of 1996 and the related Contract with America Act of 1996 on the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program. They focus on three changes in particular: the definition of disability for children, elimination of the drug addiction and alcoholism (DA&A) diagnosis from the SSI and Disability insurance programs, and narrowing of eligibility of legal immigrants for SSI.

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