Use of condoms in this population is highly prevalent, and is nearly universal among those using any contraceptive method. Among those not using condoms, HIV transmission risk depends on the HIV status of partners. Except for tubal ligation, the most effective methods of pregnancy prevention (e.g., oral contraceptives, intrauterine devices) are not widely used, even by those who do not desire children. Thus, counseling and other interventions to help HIV+ people prevent both HIV transmission and pregnancy may be of value.
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