Acculturation and Peritraumatic Dissociation in Young Adult Latino Survivors of Community Violence

Published in: Journal of Abnormal Psychology, v. 111, no. 1, Feb. 2002, p. 166-174.

Posted on on January 01, 2002

by Grant N. Marshall, Maria Orlando Edelen

Read More

Access further information on this document at

This article was published outside of RAND. The full text of the article can be found at the link above.

This study examined the relationship between acculturation and peritraumatic dissociation in a sample of 304 physically injured Latino survivors of community violence. Item response theory analyses were conducted to document the measurement equivalence of English- and Spanish-language versions of a scale measuring peritraumatic dissociation. After establishing equivalence, structural equation modeling was used to determine the impact of acculturation on peritraumatic dissociation after controlling for other relevant covariates, including assault characteristics, intoxication before the assault, and trauma exposure history. Acculturation emerged as a significant and negative predictor of dissociation, so that high levels of acculturation were associated with low levels of peritraumatic dissociation. These findings offer a counterinstance to the emerging consensus that retention of Latin American cultural traditions serves to promote mental health.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation External publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.