Measuring Disease Specific Quality of Life in Localized Prostate Cancer

The Dutch Experience

Published in: Quality of Life Research, v. 12, no. 4, June 2003, p. 459-464

Posted on on January 01, 2003

by I. J. Korfage, M. L. Essink-Bot, J. B. Madalinska, W. J. Kirkels, Mark Litwin, Harry J. de Koning

Read More

Access further information on this document at

This article was published outside of RAND. The full text of the article can be found at the link above.

OBJECTIVE: The authors aimed at developing and testing a Dutch health-related quality of life measure for localized prostate cancer patients. METHODS: Scales on urinary and bowel function and bother from the UCLA Prostate Cancer Index (PCI) underwent formal linguistic and cultural translation. PCI sexual scales were replaced by an existing Dutch sexual activities module (SAc). After qualitative pilot testing 389 patients with localized prostate cancer (mean age 67 +/- 7 years) completed the measure before and at 2 time points after primary treatment. Psychometric properties (feasibility, score distribution, reliability, construct validity and responsiveness to change) of the new instrument were analyzed. RESULTS: Response rates ranged from 93% at baseline to 87% after treatment. Urinary and bowel function scales showed Cronbach's alphas >0.7. Urinary function and bother, and bowel function and bother were significantly correlated. Pre- vs. post-prostatectomy effect sizes were >0.9 only for urinary scales; while pre- vs. post-radiotherapy effect sizes were >0.75 only for bowel scales. Six months after baseline erectile dysfunction was reported by 64% of respondents, either as a problem in sexual activity or as a reason for not being sexually active. CONCLUSION: The Dutch PCI and SAc performed well in men treated for early stage prostate cancer.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation External publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.

Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.