Self-Control, Violent Offending, and Homicide Victimization
Assessing the General Theory of Crime
Published in: Journal of Quantitative Criminology, v. 21, no. 1, Mar. 2005, p. 55-71
Posted on RAND.org on December 31, 2004
Criminologists have long recognized that offending and victimization share common ground. Using Gottfredson and Hirschis general theory of crime, with its emphasis on self-control as a theoretical backdrop, the authors examine the extent to which self-control is related to both violent offending and homicide victimization. To examine this issue, the authors use 5-year post-parole data on violent offending and homicide victimization from a sample of parolees from the California Youth Authority. Using rare-events logistic regression models, results indicate that self-control is related to each outcome, but that other risk factors are also uniquely related to each outcome. The implications of this study for theory and future research are addressed.