Partnership Status Influences Quality of Life in Low-Income, Uninsured Men with Prostate Cancer

Published in: Cancer, v. 104, no. 1, July 1, 2005, p. 191-8

Posted on RAND.org on January 01, 2005

by John L. Gore, Tracey L. Krupski, Lorna Kwan, Sally L. Maliski, Mark Litwin

Read More

Access further information on this document at onlinelibrary.wiley.com

This article was published outside of RAND. The full text of the article can be found at the link above.

BACKGROUND: Being partnered confers significant benefits in survival for patients with prostate cancer, yet little is known of the impact of relationship status on health-related quality of life (HRQOL). The authors evaluated the influence of partnership on measures of HRQOL. METHODS: The authors studied 291 patients who were enrolled in a program that provided free treatment to impoverished, uninsured men with prostate cancer. The associations between relationship status and measures of general and disease-specific HRQOL were evaluated. Results from multivariate models determined the independent effect of partnership on HRQOL. RESULTS: Partnered patients were more likely than unpartnered patients to be Hispanic (58% vs. 34%) and were more likely to have elected surgical therapy (49% vs. 34%). Multivariate analyses, controlling for age, ethnicity, disease stage, and treatment type, revealed that partnered patients had better mental health (P = 0.009), less urinary bother (P = 0.011), higher spirituality (P = 0.037), and lower symptom distress (P = 0.005) than unpartnered participants. CONCLUSIONS: Relationship status had a positive effect on the quality of life of low-income, uninsured men with prostate cancer.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation external publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.