The Dimensions of Change in Therapeutic Community Treatment Instrument

Published in: Psychological Assessment, v. 18, no. 1, Mar. 2006, p. 118-122

Posted on on January 01, 2006

by Maria Orlando Edelen, Suzanne L. Wenzel, Patricia A. Ebener, Michael C. Edwards, Wallace Mandell, Kirsten Becker

In this article, the authors describe the refinement and preliminary evaluation of the Dimensions of Change in Therapeutic Community Treatment Instrument (DCI), a measure of treatment process. In Study 1, a 99-item DCI, administered to a cross-sectional sample of substance abuse clients (N = 990), was shortened to 54 items on the basis of results from confirmatory factor analyses and item response theory invariance tests. In Study 2, confirmatory factor analyses of the 54-item DCI, completed by a longitudinal cohort of 993 clients, established and validated an 8-factor solution across 2 subpopulations (adults and adolescents) and 2 time points (treatment entry and 30-days postentry). The results of the 2 studies are encouraging and support use of the 54-item DCI as a tool to measure treatment process.

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