Reducing the Global Burden of Acute Lower Respiratory Infections in Children

The Contribution of New Diagnostics

Published in: Nature, v. 444, Suppl. 1, 23 Nov. 2006, p. 9-18

Posted on RAND.org on January 01, 2006

by Yee-Wei Lim, Mark Steinhoff, Federico Girosi, Douglas Holtzman, Harry Campbell, Rob Boer, Robert Black, Kim Mulholland

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Acute lower respiratory infections (ALRIs) are the primary killer of children in developing countries. Many children with ALRIs are not properly diagnosed, and overuse of antibiotics has led to increasing drug resistance. The introduction of simple and widely accessible diagnostic tests could significantly reduce deaths among children with ALRIs and reduce the inappropriate use of antibiotics.

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