Quality of Life in Young Men After Radical Prostatectomy

Published in: Prostate cancer and prostatic diseases, v. 11, no. 1, Mar. 2008, p. 67-73

Posted on RAND.org on January 01, 2008

by J. L Wright, Daniel Lin, Janet E. Cowan, Peter R. Carroll, Mark Litwin

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Urinary and sexual function and bother are important outcomes following radical prostatectomy (RP). Since urinary and sexual function are age-related, post-operative bother may vary by age. This study explores the disease-specific quality-of-life outcomes in young men compared with older men undergoing RP. Using CaPSURE data, the authors identified men who underwent RP and completed the UCLA Prostate Cancer Index (PCI) before and 1-year post-RP. Men were stratified by age (<55 years, 55-64, 65). Multivariate regression models were created: a linear model for predictors of PCI scores and a logistic model for predictors of severe declines in PCI domains. Younger men scored significantly better than older men in urinary function (P=0.04), urinary bother (P=0.02) and sexual function (P<0.0001) 1-year post-RP. Severe declines in urinary bother (odds ratio (OR)=1.54, 1.01-2.35) and sexual function (OR=3.20, 1.97-5.19) were more common in men 65 years. Men with relationships had less urinary bother (P=0.03) and were less likely to experience severe worsening of urinary bother (OR=0.32, 0.17-0.60) while having a greater risk of severe worsening of sexual bother (OR=2.74, 1.28-5.89). The use of sexual aids was associated with worse sexual bother (P<0.0001) and greater risk of severe worsening of sexual bother (OR=2.29, 1.54-3.30). Baseline PCI scores were independent predictors in all models. One year after RP, younger men (age<55) have similar, or better, urinary and sexual function and bother. Baseline scores are strongly associated with post-RP scores and severity of declines. Current relationships and use of sexual aids have significant roles in post-RP bother.

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