From Bad to Worse

Comorbidity Severity and Quality of Life After Treatment for Early-Stage Prostate Cancer

Published in: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases, v. 13, no. 4, Dec. 2010, p. 320-327

Posted on RAND.org on January 01, 2010

by T. J Daskivich, Lonneke V. van de Poll-Franse, Lorna Kwan, Natalia Sadetsky, D. M Stein, Mark Litwin

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Commonly used measures of comorbidity assess comorbidity number and type but not severity. We sought to evaluate the impact of comorbidity severity on longitudinal health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in men treated with radical prostatectomy (RP) or radiation therapy (RT) using the Total Illness Burden Index for prostate cancer (TIBI-CaP). We sampled 738 men with non-metastatic prostate cancer treated with RP or RT from the Cancer of the Prostate Strategic Urologic Research Endeavor registry. We examined the impact of comorbidity severity on generic and disease-specific HRQOL at baseline and at 6, 12, 18 and 24 months post-treatment. Men with worse TIBI-CaP comorbidity had significantly lower baseline and post-treatment HRQOL in all domains at all time points. In a multivariate model, men with moderate or severe TIBI-CaP comorbidity had significantly worse HRQOL scores at 12 and 24 months after treatment in all domains except sexual and urinary function (P<0.05); in these domains, severe comorbidity was predictive of lower HRQOL (P<0.05). Comorbidity groups had similar absolute declines in HRQOL from baseline to 6 and 24 months after treatment. Although comorbidity groups experienced similar long-term declines from baseline HRQOL after treatment, men with more severe comorbidity had significantly lower baseline scores and therefore poorer long-term HRQOL.

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