In the age of austerity, Fire and Rescue Services (FRS) provision is now the focus of policymakers' efficiency drives. In mid-2012 RAND Europe undertook a comparative analysis of European FRS to inform a European government's review of emergency services. The study analysed recent developments in European FRS and checked the pulse of reform efforts in Scotland, the Netherlands and North West Germany using interviews and documentary analysis. This article outlines the study findings characterising the three countries' FRS reform agendas and the key enablers of reform.
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