Interdisciplinary Priorities for Dissemination, Implementation, and Improvement Science

Frameworks, Mechanics, and Measures

Published in: CTS, Clinical and Translational Science, v. 8, no. 6, Dec. 2015, p. 820-823

Posted on RAND.org on November 18, 2015

by Julian W. Brunner, Ibrahima C. Sankaré, Katherine L. Kahn

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Much of dissemination, implementation, and improvement (DII) science is conducted by social scientists, healthcare practitioners, and biomedical researchers. While each of these groups has its own venues for sharing methods and findings, forums that bring together the diverse DII science workforce provide important opportunities for cross-disciplinary collaboration and learning. In particular, such forums are uniquely positioned to foster the sharing of three important components of research. First: they allow the sharing of conceptual frameworks for DII science that focus on the use and spread of innovations. Second: they provide an opportunity to share strategies for initiating and governing DII research, including approaches for eliciting and incorporating the research priorities of patients, study participants, and healthcare practitioners, and decision-makers. Third: they allow the sharing of outcome measures well-suited to the goals of DII science, thereby helping to validate these outcomes in diverse contexts, improving the comparability of findings across settings, and elevating the study of the implementation process itself.

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