Can China Age Healthily?

Published in: The Lancet, v. 384, no. 9945, Comment, Aug. 30, 2014, p. 723-724

Posted on RAND.org on March 23, 2016

by Yaohui Zhao, James P. Smith, John Strauss

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China has more older people (65 years and older) than any other country. According to the 2010 census, the number of people aged 65 years and older was 119 million, 8·9% of the population. Moreover, China's population is one of the fastest ageing in the world. Although developed countries took around half a century to double the number of people aged 65 years and older (from 7% to 14%), China will do so in half that time. By 2050, China's ageing population will match that of many of today's developed countries--and exceed that of countries such as Denmark, New Zealand, Australia, and the USA.

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