Identifying Climate Service Production Constraints to Adaptation Decision-Making in Sweden

Published in: Environmental Science & Policy, Volume 93, pages 83-91 (March 2019)

Posted on RAND.org on January 04, 2019

by Kathleen M. Ernst, Asa Gerger Swartling, Karin Andre, Benjamin Lee Preston, Richard JT Klein

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Climate change adaptation efforts continue to increase as the impacts of climate change increase, intensify, and become more apparent. However, many adaptation efforts fail to result in adaptation actions. This inaction has been linked to several constraining factors including a lack of actionable information for adaptation decision-making processes. We wonder if climate service producers face constraints as they try to create and deliver actionable information for adaptation decision-making efforts? This paper draws on semi-structured interviews and participant-observations across climate service production environments in Sweden to answer our research question and finds that climate service producers engage in research, coordination, and communication to varying degrees and experience constraints related to the production and dissemination of actionable information and stakeholder engagement, as well as funding, professional, and institutional constraints. Some constraints are experienced differently by climate service producers depending on their specific role, institutional affiliation, agency, and experience. Additionally, some climate service production constraints create or exacerbate additional constraints for adaptation decision-making stakeholders. Therefore, climate service production constraints limit the effectiveness of climate services, and overcoming them would help make progress towards more adaptation implementation in specific contexts. However, for adaptation actions to be widespread,the production and dissemination of climate services must be met with additional support and guidance for adaptation efforts beyond the provision of actionable information.

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