Cover: Evaluation of Dynamic Effects of Depressive Symptoms on Physical Function in Knee Osteoarthritis

Evaluation of Dynamic Effects of Depressive Symptoms on Physical Function in Knee Osteoarthritis

Published in: Arthritis Care & Research (2024). DOI: 10.1002/acr.25295

Posted on Apr 17, 2024

by Rhea Mehta, Marc C. Hochberg, Michelle D. Shardell, Alice S. Ryan, Yu Dong, Brock A. Beamer, Jason E. Peer, Elizabeth A. Stuart, Megan S. Schuler, Joseph J. Gallo, et al.


To assess how changes in depressive symptoms influence physical function over time among those with radiographic knee osteoarthritis (OA).


Participants from the Osteoarthritis Initiative with radiographic knee OA (n=2,212) and complete data were identified at baseline. Depressive symptoms were assessed as a time-varying score at baseline and the first three annual follow-up visits using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) Scale. Physical function was measured at the first four follow-up visits using 20-meter gait speed meters per second. The following two marginal structural models were fit: one assessing the main effect of depressive symptoms on gait speed and another assessing time-specific associations. Results: Time-adjusted results indicated that higher CES-D scores were significantly associated with slower gait speed (-0.0048; 95% confidence interval -0.0082 to -0.0014), and time-specific associations of CES-D were largest during the first follow-up interval (-0.0082; 95% confidence interval -0.0128 to -0.0035). During subsequent follow-up time points, the influence of depressive symptoms on gait speed diminished.


The negative effect of depressive symptoms on physical function may decrease over time as knee OA progresses.

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