Soviet economic growth,1928-1985

by Gur Ofer


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Within the framework of a general paradigm of modern economic growth, this report summarizes the Soviet growth record and evaluates the economic problems that the Soviet Union now faces. It pays special attention to the effects of the Soviet economic system and political regime on patterns of economic modernization. The author identifies three major explanations for the decline in Soviet growth rates in recent years. First, extensive growth is by nature exhaustible. Second, technological change and improved efficiency failed to replace input growth or compensate for labor shortage. Finally, the strategy of haste accelerated the decline in growth.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Joint report soviet series. The joint report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1988 to 1993 that included documents published jointly with other organizations, which transmitted major research findings and final research.

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