A review of educational research to determine what data are available for evaluation and accountability, and what further data are needed. Research in the conventional classroom has failed to find conclusive evidence regarding factors that affect student achievement. Laboratory-type research has identified factors which affect learning, but the learning tasks that are used are mostly irrelevant to classroom learning. It seems apparent that accountability has little chance for success because little is known about factors which affect education outcome. Further research is needed, especially to determine the interactive factors among students, teachers, and instructional methods. One of the most difficult problems that research must solve is the identification, measurement, and modification of noncognitive achievement, and tests of cognitive achievement must be improved. This should be developed in close conjunction with a look at the objectives of education and the methods for evaluating these objectives. (See also R-930, R-931, R-933 to R-935.) 72 pp. Bibliog.
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