C. Ross Anthony

Photo of C. Anthony
Director, RAND Israeli-Palestinian Initiative; Adjunct Economist
Off Site Office


Ph.D. in economics, University of Pennsylvania; M.A. in economics, University of Pennsylvania; M.A. in economic history, University of Pennsylvania; B.A. in history, Williams College

Media Resources

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C. Ross Anthony is a adjunct economist at the RAND Corporation and director of RAND's Israeli-Palestinian Initiative. He specializes in global health, financing, and military health. Anthony led RAND Health's Global Health Initiative (2001–2013) and its Military Health Policy Research program (1996–2002). He currently leads a project on the alternative solutions to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. He has led projects developing health care strategies for Qatar; analyzing construction of a successful, independent Palestinian state; health and nation building; health reform in the Kurdish Region of northern Iraq, and causes of Gulf War Illnesses. Anthony has more than 30 years of health care experience at all levels of government. He served on the U.S. Presidential Commission on Improving Health Care Delivery for Our Nation's Veterans and was a member of the WHO Health Systems Knowledge Network of the Commission on the Social Determinants of Health. He served as vice president and director of the International Health Services Group at the International Planning and Analysis Corporation; director of the Office of Development Resources for USAID Europe, overseeing six divisions responsible for program design of 15 Eastern European countries, and health programs in the former Soviet Union; and associate administrator for program development at the Health Care Financing Administration (now CMS), responsible for regulatory policy development and research for Medicare and Medicaid. He was also a Health Policy Alternatives partner; taught economics at the University of Oregon; and was a Peace Corps volunteer in Nepal. Anthony graduated from Williams College and earned his Ph.D. in economics from the University of Pennsylvania.

Previous Positions

Vice President and Director of the International Health Services Group, International Planning and Analysis Center; Director, Office of Development Resources for Europe, United States Agency for International Development (USAID); Associate Administrator, Program Development, Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA now CMS); Partner, Health Policy Alternatives; Assistant Professor of Economics, University of Oregon, Eugene; Director of the Dhorpatan Health Project, Dhorpatan, Nepal; Peace Corps Volunteer, Nepal 17, Illam, Nepal

Recent Projects

  • Cost of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
  • Health reform in the Kurdish Region of Iraq
  • Creating a successful Palestinian state
  • Developing a national health strategy for Qatar
  • U.S. presidential task force to improve health care delivery for our nation's veterans

Selected Publications

C. Ross Anthony and Nicole Lurie, "Global Health Services Research: Challenging the Future," Health Services Research, 39(6)

C. Ross Anthony, Daniel Egel, Charles P. Ries, et al., The Costs of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, RAND (RR-740-1-DCR), 2015

C. Ross Anthony, Melinda Moore, Lee H. Hilborne, Andrew W. Mulcahy, Health Sector Reform in the Kurdish Region Iraq: Financing Reform, Primary Care, and Patient Safety, RAND (RR-490-1-KRG), 2014

Melinda Moore, et al., The Future of Health Care in the Kurdistan Region - Iraq, RAND Corporation (MG-1148z1-1), 2012

Seth Jones et al., Securing Health: Lessons from Nation-Building Missions, RAND Corporation (MG-321), 2006

Doug Suisman et al., The Arc: A Formal Structure for a Palestinian State, RAND Corporation (MG-327), 2006

The RAND Palestinian State Study Team, Building a Successful Palestinian State, RAND Corporation (MG-146), 2005

Michael Schoenbaum et al., Health Benefits for Medicare-Eligible Military Retirees: Rationalizing TRICARE for Life, RAND Corporation (TR-118), 2005

Honors & Awards

  • President's Award (research on Qatar Health Care reform and research to establish a successful Palestinian state), 2005, RAND
  • President's Award (for work on Gulf War Illness), 2001, RAND
  • Best Dissertation in Economics 1979, University of Pennsylvania


Nepali spoken

Recent Media Appearances

Interviews: CNBC; Detroit Free Press; Los Angeles Times; The Media Line, MidEast News Source; New York Times; Reuters; Washington Post

Commentary: Baltimore Sun; International Herald Tribune; Modern Healthcare; Newsweek


  • White House senior adviser Jared Kushner arrives for the U.S.-hosted “Peace to Prosperity” conference, in Manama, Bahrain, June 25, 2019, photo by Matt Spetalnick/Reuters

    Development with No Political Framework Is a Car Without an Engine

    Pushing an economic development plan for the Middle East without addressing the political issues specific to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is like trying to sell a car without an engine. Why? Because an economic strategy that doesn't address core political issues would have no governing entity to put it into effect.

    Jul 9, 2019 RealClearWorld

  • Palestinian girls at their family's house in Khan Younis in the southern Gaza Strip, March 10, 2015

    War or Peace? Putting a Price on the Israeli-Palestinian Impasse

    Today, more than 90 percent of Israelis and Palestinians were born after 1948 and have known nothing other than some version of the impasse. Both sides could be better off with a stable two-state solution. Prolonging the impasse for another generation would have real costs.

    Jun 9, 2015 Newsweek

  • Soldiers wearing their M-17A1 protective masks while conducting training during Operation Desert Shield

    Gulf War Illness: Still Looking for Answers

    Bernard Rostker and Ross Anthony, RAND senior economists with expertise on Gulf War Illness (GWI), discuss a study by scientists at Georgetown University Medical Center that suggests the symptoms of GWI are biological in nature, and a GWI study RAND conducted more than a decade ago.

    Jul 8, 2013

  • Spending Aid to Palestinians Wisely

    Spending Aid to Palestinians Wisely in the International Herald Tribune

    Aug 16, 2007 International Herald Tribune

  • Planning for Palestine

    Published commentary by RAND staff.

    May 22, 2005 Baltimore Sun

  • U.S. Foreign Policy Must Include the Eradication of Dangerous Diseases

    commentaries by RAND Staff: insightful commentaries on current events, published in newspapers, magazines and journals worldwide.

    Jul 14, 2003 Modern Healthcare