C. Ross Anthony

C. Ross Anthony
Director, RAND Israeli-Palestinian Initiative; Adjunct Economist
Off Site Office


Ph.D. in economics, University of Pennsylvania; M.A. in economics, University of Pennsylvania; M.A. in economic history, University of Pennsylvania; B.A. in history, Williams College

Media Resources

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C. Ross Anthony is a adjunct economist at the RAND Corporation and director of RAND's Israeli-Palestinian Initiative. He specializes in global health, financing, and military health. Anthony led RAND Health's Global Health Initiative (2001–2013) and its Military Health Policy Research program (1996–2002). He currently leads a project on the alternative solutions to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. He has led projects developing health care strategies for Qatar; analyzing construction of a successful, independent Palestinian state; health and nation building; health reform in the Kurdish Region of northern Iraq, and causes of Gulf War Illnesses. Anthony has more than 30 years of health care experience at all levels of government. He served on the U.S. Presidential Commission on Improving Health Care Delivery for Our Nation's Veterans and was a member of the WHO Health Systems Knowledge Network of the Commission on the Social Determinants of Health. He served as vice president and director of the International Health Services Group at the International Planning and Analysis Corporation; director of the Office of Development Resources for USAID Europe, overseeing six divisions responsible for program design of 15 Eastern European countries, and health programs in the former Soviet Union; and associate administrator for program development at the Health Care Financing Administration (now CMS), responsible for regulatory policy development and research for Medicare and Medicaid. He was also a Health Policy Alternatives partner; taught economics at the University of Oregon; and was a Peace Corps volunteer in Nepal. Anthony graduated from Williams College and earned his Ph.D. in economics from the University of Pennsylvania.

Previous Positions

Vice President and Director of the International Health Services Group, International Planning and Analysis Center; Director, Office of Development Resources for Europe, United States Agency for International Development (USAID); Associate Administrator, Program Development, Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA now CMS); Partner, Health Policy Alternatives; Assistant Professor of Economics, University of Oregon, Eugene; Director of the Dhorpatan Health Project, Dhorpatan, Nepal; Peace Corps Volunteer, Nepal 17, Illam, Nepal

Recent Projects

  • Cost of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
  • Health reform in the Kurdish Region of Iraq
  • Creating a successful Palestinian state
  • Developing a national health strategy for Qatar
  • U.S. presidential task force to improve health care delivery for our nation's veterans

Selected Publications

C. Ross Anthony and Nicole Lurie, "Global Health Services Research: Challenging the Future," Health Services Research, 39(6)

Anthony, C. Ross, Daniel Egel, Charles P. Ries, Craig A. Bond, Andrew Liepman, Jeffrey Martini, Steven Simon, Shira Efron, Bradley D. Stein, Lynsay Ayer, and Mary E. Vaiana, The Costs of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, RAND Corporation (RR-740-1-DCR), 2015

Anthony, C. Ross, Melinda Moore, Lee H. Hilborne, and Andrew W. Mulcahy, Health Sector Reform in the Kurdistan Region — Iraq: Financing Reform, Primary Care, and Patient Safety, RAND Corporation (RR-490-1-KRG), 2014

Moore, Melinda, C. Ross Anthony, Yee-Wei Lim, Spencer S. Jones, Adrian Overton, and Joanne K. Yoong, The Future of Health Care in the Kurdistan Region — Iraq: Toward an Effective, High-Quality System with an Emphasis on Primary Care (Arabic-language version), RAND Corporation (MG-1148z1-1), 2014

Jones, Seth G., Lee H. Hilborne, C. Ross Anthony, Lois M. Davis, Federico Girosi, Cheryl Benard, Rachel M. Swanger, Anita Datar Garten, and Anga R. Timilsina, Securing Health: Lessons from Nation-Building Missions, RAND Corporation (MG-321), 2006

Suisman, Doug, Steven Simon, Glenn Robinson, C. Ross Anthony, and Michael Schoenbaum, The Arc: A Formal Structure for a Palestinian State, RAND Corporation (MG-327), 2005

Palestinian State Study Team, The RAND, Building a Successful Palestinian State, RAND Corporation (MG-146), 2005

Schoenbaum, Michael, Barbara O. Wynn, Terri Tanielian, Katherine M. Harris, Renee Labor, and C. Ross Anthony, Health Benefits for Medicare-Eligible Military Retirees: Rationalizing TRICARE for Life, RAND Corporation (TR-118), 2004

Honors & Awards

  • President's Award (research on Qatar Health Care reform and research to establish a successful Palestinian state), 2005, RAND
  • President's Award (for work on Gulf War Illness), 2001, RAND
  • Best Dissertation in Economics 1979, University of Pennsylvania


Nepali spoken

Recent Media Appearances

Interviews: CNBC; Detroit Free Press; Los Angeles Times; The Media Line, MidEast News Source; New York Times; Reuters; Washington Post

Commentary: Baltimore Sun; International Herald Tribune; Modern Healthcare; Newsweek