This paper investigates adoption of behavioral nudges by health system-affiliated physician organizations (POs), types of nudges being used, PO leader perceptions of nudge effectiveness, and implementation challenges.
Sep 20, 2022
Rachel Reid is a physician policy researcher at the RAND Corporation. Also a practicing primary care physician, her research focuses on measuring cost, quality, and value in health care. She has particular interest in the primary care delivery system, public reporting efforts, and delivery and payment system reform. Reid has been engaged in the RAND Center of Excellence on Health System Performance and led work related to assessing low-value health care delivery as well as measuring primary care spending a marker of health system primary care investment and orientation. She is the principal investigator on an NIH-funded grant assessing novel Medicare billing codes for transitional care provided after hospital discharge and has led tasks for the CMS Medicare Advantage Star Ratings project and has co-led several other tasks, analyses, and projects for the federal government and non-profit foundations. She is experienced with analyses of Medicare fee-for-service claims data, Medicare Advantage Encounter Data, as well as commercial claims data. Prior to joining RAND, Reid worked in the Research and Rapid Cycle Evaluation Group at the Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services' Innovation Center. Her clinical work has included ambulatory primary care and hospital-based internal medicine. She is an associate physician at Brigham and Women's Hospital and an instructor in medicine at Harvard Medical School. Reid received her A.B. in biochemical sciences from Harvard University and her M.D. and M.S. in clinical research from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.
Rachel O. Reid, Partha Deb, Benjamin L. Howell, William H. Shrank, "Association between Medicare Advantage Plan Star Ratings and Enrollment.," JAMA, 309(3), 2013
Rachel O. Reid, J. Scott Ashwood, Mark W. Friedberg, Ellerie S. Weber, Claude M. Setodji, Ateev Mehrotra, "Retail Clinic Visits and Receipt of Primary Care.," Journal of General Internal Medicine, 28(4), 2013
Ateev Mehrotra, Rachel O. Reid, John L. Adams, Mark W. Friedberg, Elizabeth A. McGlynn, Peter S. Hussey, "Physicians with the Least Experience Have Higher Cost Profiles than do Physicians with the Most Experience.," Health Affairs, 31(11), 2012
Rachel O. Reid, Mark W. Friedberg, John L. Adams, Elizabeth A. McGlynn, Ateev Mehrotra, "Associations between Physician Characteristics and Quality of Care.," Archives of Internal Medicine, 170(16), 2010
Rachel O. Reid, Brendan Rabideau, Neeraj Sood, "Low-Value Health Care Services in a Commercially Insured Population," JAMA Internal Medicine, 176(10), 2016
Reid, Rachel O., Cheryl L. Damberg, and Mark W. Friedberg, "Primary Care Spending in the Fee-for-Service Medicare Population," JAMA Internal Medicine, 179(7), 2019
Rachel O. Reid, Mallika Kommareddi, Susan M .Paddock, Cheryl L. Damberg, "Does Removing Financial Incentives Lead to Declines in Performance? A Controlled Interrupted Time Series Analysis of Medicare Advantage Star Ratings Programme Performance," BMJ Quality and Safety, 30(2), 2021
Rachel O. Reid, Ashlyn K. Tom, Rachel M. Ross, Erin L. Duffy, Cheryl L. Damberg, "Physician Compensation Arrangements and Financial Performance Incentives in US Health Systems," JAMA Health Forum, 3(1), 2022