This documented briefing describes an approach to reconnaissance and surveillance force sizing that is attuned to technology advances in communications, platforms/sensors/processing, and concepts of operations that exploit the synergy from intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) fusion. The Reconnaissance and Surveillance Allocation Model (RSAM), driven by a target attack sequence, can capture the effects of ISR fusion and platform/sensor tradeoffs in an overall campaign context. Notional results for ISR force sizing and mix illustrate the importance of intelligence preparation of the battlefield, sensor fusion, defense drawdown, and basing and other factors in the context of a campaign with phased objectives. The methodology integrates data from air, space, and ground with concepts of operations tailored to exploit today's advances in technology. ISR force effectiveness must be measured in the context of realistic campaigns, including the numbers and types of targets.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Documented briefing series. RAND documented briefings are based on research presented to a client, sponsor, or targeted audience in briefing format. Additional information is provided in the documented briefing in the form of the written narration accompanying the briefing charts. All RAND documented briefings undergo rigorous peer review to ensure that they meet high standards for research quality and objectivity. However, they are not expected to be comprehensive and may present preliminary findings. Major research findings are published in the monograph series; supporting or preliminary research is published in the technical report series.
Permission is given to duplicate this electronic document for personal use only, as long as it is unaltered and complete. Copies may not be duplicated for commercial purposes. Unauthorized posting of RAND PDFs to a non-RAND Web site is prohibited. RAND PDFs are protected under copyright law. For information on reprint and linking permissions, please visit the RAND Permissions page.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.