Recent historical events and changing world demographics caused the U.S. military to recognize shortfalls in its urban operations doctrine. The J8 Urban Working Group (UWG) therefore asked RAND to conduct a study to identify requirements in this area. This document summarizes that study, which was conducted in three phases. The first was a determination of the current status of joint urban operations doctrine. The second phase involved identification and description of the character such a doctrine should take. The third and final analytical step was a compilation of specific requirements that literature reviews and extensive field interviews dictated should be part of a U.S. joint MOUT (military operations on urbanized terrain) doctrine. The author determined that urban operations doctrine was needed and that it should be in the form of a separate joint publication. Subsequent to his work, the Joint Doctrine Working Party directed that work begin on the heretofore nonexistent Joint Publication 3-06 (JP 3-06), Doctrine for Joint Urban Operations.
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