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This briefing presents the results of a RAND review that identified materials research needs suitable for assistance from the Industrial Materials for the Future program, which focuses on core areas of value to multiple industries. To promote energy efficiency and productivity and reduction of environmental impact in industrial contexts, the Department of Energy sponsors both basic research through its Office of Science and nearer-term applications for specific industries through its Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT). But some research that is critical to improving materials performance in industrial environments falls into a gap between these two categories because it involves technologies that lack the maturity to support nearer-term needs. The Industrial Materials for the Future (IMF) program fills this gap by sponsoring research in core areas that are of value to multiple industries. RAND conducted an independent review to identify materials research needs consistent with both OIT’s and IMF’s mission,yielding a set of nine matrices that match performance targets with research priorities for each OIT industry. These matrices suggested a set of research areas suitable for IMF assistance, including high temperature and corrosion-resistant materials, database development and modeling, and composition-processing-properties relationships. Additional RAND work will cover specific performance goals for these, as well as the associated challenges and benefits.

The research described in this report was performed under the auspices of RAND's Science and Technology.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation documented briefing series. RAND documented briefings are based on research presented to a client, sponsor, or targeted audience in briefing format. Additional information is provided in the documented briefing in the form of the written narration accompanying the briefing charts. All RAND documented briefings undergo rigorous peer review to ensure that they meet high standards for research quality and objectivity. However, they are not expected to be comprehensive and may present preliminary findings. Major research findings are published in the monograph series; supporting or preliminary research is published in the technical report series.

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