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During the last 202 years, the Army has employed three basic organizational management constructs to conduct its research and development (R&D): the independent operation of the laboratories, the Laboratory Command construct, and the Army Research Laboratory construct. Once again, it is looking to solve the same R&D problems that have persisted through these many decades and constructs. Four major R&D issues have emerged as key elements for the Army’s next move: how it defines the money stream, working relationships, the transition time between research and fielded equipment, and improving R&D visibility. The Army needs an R&D construct that can quickly adapt to changes in research agendas, budget levels, response times, personnel levels, and stakeholders. In short, history directs the Army to design and implement a new R&D construct that addresses its key R&D issues and is adaptive.

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The research described in this report was sponsored by the United States Army.

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