This report provides details of the policy options examined and how they were specified for purposes of assessment in a major transportation research study that was performed for the Netherlands Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management by the European-American Center for Policy Analysis. The study, called Freight Options for Road, Water, and Rail for the Dutch (FORWARD), examined the benefits and costs of a broad range of strategies for mitigating the negative impacts of the expected growth in road freight transport while retaining the economic benefits.
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