Cover: FORWARD — Freight Options for Road, Water, and Rail for the Dutch

FORWARD — Freight Options for Road, Water, and Rail for the Dutch

Tactic Definitions

Published 1996

by Joseph G. Bolten, Odette van de Riet, Patricia G. J. Twaalfhoven, Warren Walker

Download eBook for Free

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 6.7 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.

This report provides details of the policy options examined and how they were specified for purposes of assessment in a major transportation research study that was performed for the Netherlands Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management by the European-American Center for Policy Analysis. The study, called Freight Options for Road, Water, and Rail for the Dutch (FORWARD), examined the benefits and costs of a broad range of strategies for mitigating the negative impacts of the expected growth in road freight transport while retaining the economic benefits.

Research conducted by

This report is part of the RAND draft series. The unrestricted draft was a product of RAND from 1993 to 2003 that represented preliminary or prepublication versions of other more formal RAND products for distribution to appropriate external audiences. The draft could be considered similar to an academic discussion paper. Although unrestricted drafts had been approved for circulation, they were not usually formally edited or peer reviewed.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit

RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.