Final Report for Policy Evaluation of the Effect of the 1996 Welfare Reform Legislation on SSI Benefits for Disabled Children

by Jeannette Rogowski, Lynn A. Karoly, Jacob Alex Klerman, Moira Inkelas, Melissa Rowe, Randall Hirscher

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This document is the final report for an evaluation conducted by RAND for the Social Security Administration (SSA) titled "Policy Evaluation of the Effect of the 1996 Welfare Reform Legislation on SSI Benefits for Disabled Children." The study was designed to evaluate how the 1996 PRWORA legislation affected and will affect SSI caseloads and costs, and how the law affected children and their families who lost eligibility. The study included analyses of SSA administrative data, a nationally representative secondary database, and case study interviews in four states. The purpose of this final report is to summarize the findings of the case studies and descriptive analyses reported elsewhere. In addition, we report on ne w analyses of the net impact of the legistlationon SSI childhood caseloads and costs and the impact of the legislation on affected families using data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP).

This report is part of the RAND Corporation draft series. The unrestricted draft was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1993 to 2003 that represented preliminary or prepublication versions of other more formal RAND products for distribution to appropriate external audiences. The draft could be considered similar to an academic discussion paper. Although unrestricted drafts had been approved for circulation, they were not usually formally edited or peer reviewed.

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