This paper examines cohort and ethnic differences in education, the timing of marriage, and the timing of first birth for women in Peninsular Malaysia. The authors examine the roles of education and enrollment in delaying marriage and first conception and the role of marriage in delayed first conception and dropping out of school. They focus on the joint nature of these decisions by controlling for the endogeneity of one outcome as it affects the others. Changes in education and enrollment account for a substantial portion of the cohort trend toward later marriage in Malaysia. Further, most of the rise in the age at first conception across cohorts and ethnic groups is fully accounted for by cohort and ethnic differences in the age at marriage.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Draft series. The unrestricted draft was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1993 to 2003 that represented preliminary or prepublication versions of other more formal RAND products for distribution to appropriate external audiences. The draft could be considered similar to an academic discussion paper. Although unrestricted drafts had been approved for circulation, they were not usually formally edited or peer reviewed.
Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/research-integrity.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.