The Effects of Access to Health Care on Infant Mortality in Indonesia

by Elizabeth Frankenberg

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This paper examines the impact of access to health facilities and personnel on infant and child mortality in Indonesia. The author explores the processes by which the spatial distribution of health services arises and accounts for these processes in a model relating the mortality risks of individuals to access to health services. The results of the analysis should inform policymakers as to the effectiveness of various health interventions, as well as contribute to an understanding of the determinants of mortality. The data for the analysis are drawn from two sources. Community-level data on access to health services come from two censuses of village infrastructure implemented by the Indonesian Central Bureau of Statistics in 1983 and 1986. Information on levels of socioeconomic development was collected from the village leader and other village officials.

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