This study is an investigation of the effects of social inequality in Guatemala on children's health and nutritional status as measured by attained height. The results indicate that an important consequence of the poverty and poor living conditions of the majority of the Guatemalan population is substantial deficits in children's growth. An intriguing result is the strong association between altitude and growth, even when social and economic variables are held constant. On the other hand, ethnic differences in children's height are substantially reduced in the presence of other variables.
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