Intended Sex with Fewer Partners

An Empirical Test of the Aids Risk Reduction Model Among Injection Drug Users

Published In: Journal of Applied Social Psychology, v. 27, no. 3, Feb. 1997, p. 187-208

Posted on RAND.org on December 31, 1996

by Douglas L. Longshore, M. Douglas Anglin, Shih-chao Hsieh

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Tests the AIDS risk-reduction model, which is a theory-based representation of psychosocial processes by which people may attempt to change their HIV risk behavior. The model was tested in cross-sectional data collected from a sample of HIV-negative injection drug users in Los Angeles, California. The data pertain to users' intentions to reduce HIV transmission risk incurred through sex with multiple partners. Findings were encouraging and conform to AIDS risk-reduction model hypotheses. In particular, findings suggest that perceived self-efficacy for sexual risk reduction may be a crucial factor leading to the formation of intentions to change sex-related HIV risk behavior. The more information we have regarding a model to reduce unsafe sexual practices, the better able we will be to design programs to reduce transmission of the AIDS virus.

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