This study examines an approach to identifying patterns of treatment response over time. Treatment response profiles are identified by cluster analyzing a repeated measure of patient performance collected at intervals during treatment. The procedure is demonstrated in Study 1 using monthly urinalysis results of 103 patients entering methadone maintenance treatment. The internal, external, and face validities of derived treatment response profiles are evaluated. A logistic regression model predicting treatment response is then constructed from intake variables found to correspond with the treatment response profiles. Study 2 replicates the procedures on an independent sample. Treatment response profiles facilitate the analysis of treatment response offering advantages over common measures of treatment outcome, such as performance at follow-up, change in performance from treatment entry to follow-up, or performance summed across treatment.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation External publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.
Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/research-integrity.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.