MMPI Profiles of Opiate Addicts

Predicting Response to Treatment

Published in: Journal of Personality Assessment, v. 70, no. 2, Apr. 1998, p. 331-346

Posted on RAND.org on January 01, 1998

by Mark A. Belding, Martin Y. Iguchi, Andrew R. Morral, Stephen D. Husband

Read More

Access further information on this document at www.leaonline.com

This article was published outside of RAND. The full text of the article can be found at the link above.

Although many studies document the use of the MMPI to classify opiate users, the predictive validity of the resulting subgroups is rarely reported. In this study, the authors used cluster analysis to identify MMPI profile types that predicted differential response to methadone maintenance treatment. Participants (N = 151) completed MMPIs shortly after entry into treatment. Cluster analysis of MMPI scores produced four distinct subgroups that differed significantly in severity of psychosocial problems measured at admission and on the mean number of drug-free urine specimens submitted during the 24-week study period. Cluster 1 participants evidenced low levels of psychological disturbance, improved their urinalysis results over time, and submitted the most posttest drug-free urine specimens. Cluster 2 was the only other group that improved significantly over time, even though these patients were the most psychologically disturbed. The results suggest the relation between psychological problems and outcome may be more complex than is commonly assumed.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation External publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.

Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/principles.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.