Development of a Brief Scale to Measure Acculturation Among Japanese Americans
Published in: Journal of Community Psychology, v. 28, no. 1, Jan. 2000, p. 103-113
Posted on RAND.org on December 31, 1999
PARTICIPANTS AND DATA COLLECTION METHODS: Pilot survey of a convenience sample of 70 Japanese American adults and survey of a random sample of 1,097 members of Japanese American Community Centers in the greater Los Angeles area. INDEPENDENT VARIABLES: Demographics and Japanese generation. DEPENDENT VARIABLES: Brief measure of Japanese American Acculturation. ANALYSIS PLAN: T-tests and ANOVA for examining unadjusted group differences and multiple regression analysis for examining predictors of acculturation. RESULTS: This brief measure of acculturation had reproducible factor loadings and reliability (Cronbach's Alpha = .82) in two random samples of Japanese Americans and, in our pretest data, was highly correlated with a longer acculturation instrument commonly used (r = .71). After adjustment for demographics and recruitment site, the authors found that Japanese American adults under 45 years of age scored up to 9% higher on acculturation than older Japanese Americans and those with incomes above $50,000 per year scored 10% higher on acculturation then those with incomes under that amount. CONCLUSIONS: The authors developed and tested a brief scale for measuring acculturation among Japanese Americans. This scale demonstrates good reliability and validity in two different community samples and holds promise for explaining variation in this ethnic group including the evaluation of the impact of community programs. Such a measure may be especially suited to acculturation evaluation in long, complex survey instruments.