Apr 3, 2006
Impact of Case Management
Published in: Medical Care, v. 38, no. 1, Jan. 2000, p. 58-69
Posted on RAND.org on December 31, 1999
BACKGROUND: Previous research has indicated that the needs of persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) for supportive services often go unmet. Although case management has been advocated as a method of decreasing unmet needs for supportive services, its effectiveness is poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of need and unmet need for supportive services and the impact of case managers on unmet need among HIV-infected persons. RESEARCH DESIGN: National probability sample. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 2,832 HIV-infected adults receiving care. MEASURES: Need and unmet need for benefits advocacy, housing, home health, emotional counseling, and substance abuse treatment services. RESULTS: Sixty-seven percent of the sample had a need for at least one supportive service, and 26.6% had an unmet need for at least one service in the previous 6 months. Contingent unmet need (unmet need among persons who needed the service) was greatest for benefits advocacy (34.6%) and substance abuse treatment (27.6%). Fifty-seven percent of the sample had had contact with their case manager in the previous 6 months. In multiple logistic regression analysis, with adjustment for covariates, having a case manager was associated with decreased unmet need for home healthcare (OR =0.39; 95% CI = 0.25-0.60), emotional counseling (OR = 0.54; 95% CI = 0.38-0.78), and any unmet need (OR = 0.70; 95% CI = 0.54-0.91). An increased number of contacts with a case manager was significantly associated with lower unmet need for home health care, emotional counseling, and any unmet need. CONCLUSIONS: Need and unmet need for supportive services among HIV-infected persons is high. Case management programs appear to lower unmet need for supportive services.