Violence Victimization After HIV Infection in a US Probability Sample of Adult Patients in Primary Care

Published in: American Journal of Public Health, v. 90, no.2, Feb. 2000, p. 208-215

by Sally Zierler, William Cunningham, Ronald Andersen, Martin F. Shapiro, Samuel A. Bozzette, Terry T. Nakazono, Sally C. Morton, Stephen Crystal, Michael Stein, Barbara J. Turner, et al.

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OBJECTIVES: This study estimated the proportion of HIV-infected adults who have been assaulted by a partner or someone important to them since their HIV diagnosis and the extent to which they reported HIV-seropositive status as a cause of the violence. METHOES: Study participants were from a nationally representative probability sample of 2864 HIV-infected adults who were receiving medical care and were enrolled in the HIV Costs and Service Utilization Study. All interviews (91% in person, 9% by telephone) were conducted with computer-assisted personal interviewing instruments. Interviews began in January 1996 and ended 15 months later. Results: Overall, 20.5% of the women, 11.5% of the men who reported having sex with men, and 7.5% of the heterosexual men reported physical harm since diagnosis, of whom nearly half reported HIV-seropositive status as a cause of violent episodes. Conclusions: HIV-related care is an appropriate setting for routine assessment of violence. Programs to cross-train staff in antiviolence agencies and HIV care facilities need to be developed for men and women with HIV infection.

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