Simply to Be Let in

Inclusion as a Basis for Recovery

Published in: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, v. 24, no. 4, Spring 2001, p. 375-388

Posted on on January 01, 2001

by Larry Davidson, David A. Stayner, Connie Nickou, Thomas H. Styron, Michael Rowe, Matthew Chinman

Read More

Access further information on this document at

This article was published outside of RAND. The full text of the article can be found at the link above.

This article takes its inspiration from a poem by Borges, in which the author makes a plea to simply be let in without being wondered at or required to succeed. Based on the view that these issues have applied historically to people with mental illnesses--first during the period of the asylum, and now more recently as a result of deinstitutionalization--this article argues for the adoption of a broad conceptual framework of inclusion that, based on a disability paradigm, neither alienates or requires people to succeed. First, the ways in which such a framework augments existing approaches to treatment, rehabilitation, and recovery are outlined. Next, the authors describe the three elements of friendship, reciprocity, and hopefulness aspects of inclusion that may provide a foundation for efforts toward recovery, and illustrate each of these elements through the stories of participants in a supported socialization program. Implications for future research and policy are suggested based on these data.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation External publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.

Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.