Cover: Explaining Racial/Ethnic Differences in Smoking During the Transition to Adulthood

Explaining Racial/Ethnic Differences in Smoking During the Transition to Adulthood

Published in: Addictive Behaviors, v. 28, no. 5, July 2003, p. 915-930

Posted on on January 01, 2003

by Phyllis L. Ellickson, Michal Perlman, David J. Klein

Using data from a longitudinal panel of nearly 3000 adolescents to predict current smoking among young adults, the authors test whether adding variables that tap prior social bonds and influences to the model eliminates race/ethnicity as a significant predictor of current smoking. At age 23, African Americans and Asians exhibited substantially lower rates of current smoking than Whites and Hispanics. Controlling for social influences during high school, particularly exposure to siblings and friends who smoked plus parental disapproval of smoking, accounted for these differences. Social bonding variables, in contrast, had a limited mediating effect. Interventions aimed at decreasing adolescent vulnerability to prosmoking influences, reducing overall levels of peer cigarette use, and helping parents better convey their disapproval of smoking should help curb young adult smoking and diminish racial/ethnic differences in tobacco use.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation External publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.