How Can Repeat Drunk Drivers Be Influenced to Change?

Analysis of the Association Between Drunk Driving and DUI Recidivists' Attitudes and Belief

Published in: Journal of Studies on Alcohol, v. 65, no. 4, July 2004, p. 460-463

Posted on RAND.org on January 01, 2004

by Michael D. Greenberg, Andrew R. Morral, Arvind Jain

Read More

Access further information on this document at www.collegedrinkingprevention.gov

This article was published outside of RAND. The full text of the article can be found at the link above.

OBJECTIVE: Public policy interventions designed to deter or prevent drunk driving depend, in part, on modifying beliefs concerning the riskiness, social acceptability and immorality of driving under the influence of alcohol. The current study examines the association of these beliefs with the incidence of alcohol-impaired driving. METHOD: Interviews were conducted with 273 people with multiple driving under the influence (DUI) offenses. Data included self-reported frequency of driving after drinking in the past year, as well as measures of moral and prescriptive beliefs concerning alcohol-impaired driving (internal behavioral controls), perceived risks of criminal punishment and accidents associated with alcohol-impaired driving (external behavioral controls) and perceived peer group attitudes toward alcohol-impaired driving (social controls). RESULTS: Logit regression modeling showed significant, unique protective associations with behavioral control items in each category. CONCLUSIONS: Behavioral controls may protect against alcohol-impaired driving behavior even in a high-risk sample of repeat DUI offenders. Policy interventions designed to curtail drunk driving might seek to enhance these sorts of behavioral controls among DUI offenders.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation external publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.