Socioeconomic Status, Resources, Psychological Experiences, and Emotional Responses

A Test of the Reserve Capacity Model

Published in: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, v. 88, no. 2, Feb. 2005, p. 386-399

Posted on on January 01, 2005

by Linda C. Gallo, Laura M. Bogart, Ana-Maria Vranceanu, Karen A. Matthews

Read More

Access further information on this document at

This article was published outside of RAND. The full text of the article can be found at the link above.

The current study used ecological momentary assessment to test several tenets of the reserve capacity model (L.C. Gallo & K. A. Matthews, 2003). Women (N = 108) with varying socioeconomic status (SES) monitored positive and negative psychosocial experiences and emotions across 2 days. Measures of intrapsychic and social resources were aggregated to represent the reserve capacity available to manage stress. Lower SES was associated with less perceived control and positive affect and more social strain. Control and strain contributed to the association between SES and positive affect. Lower SES elicited greater positive but not negative emotional reactivity to psychosocial experiences. Women with low SES had fewer resources relative to those with higher SES, and resources contributed to the association between SES and daily experiences.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation external publication series. Many RAND studies are published in peer-reviewed scholarly journals, as chapters in commercial books, or as documents published by other organizations.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.