Published In: Urologic Diseases In America / Edited By Mark S. Litwin and Christopher S. Saigal (Washington, D.C.: US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, 2007), Chapter 1, p. 11-39, NIH Pub. no. 07-5512
Posted on RAND.org on December 31, 2006
Prostatitis refers to several clinical syndromes, including well-defined acute and chronic bacterial infections, poorly defined chronic pelvic pain syndrome, and asymptomatic inflammation in the prostate gland found in pathology specimens. Although in recent years researchers have made an effort to classify patients as having a specific type of prostatitis, for the purposes of this chapter the authors use prostatitis as an umbrella term, including both acute and chronic, because clinical practice and ICD-9 codes are generally limited by more traditional definitions. The symptoms associated with prostatitis are common, bothersome, and burdensome in terms of both their health-related quality-of-life implications and their economic impact.