Using a Knowledge-And-Appraisal Model of Personality Architecture to Understand Consistency and Variability in Smokers' Self-Efficacy Appraisals in High-Risk Situations
Published in: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, v. 21, no. 1, Mar. 2007, p. 44-54
Posted on RAND.org on January 01, 2007
The present research used idiographic methods for identifying intraindividual, cross-contextual patterns of consistency and variability in self-efficacy appraisal among smokers. Building on a knowledge-and appraisal model of personality architecture, the authors assessed (a) schematic self-knowledge, (b) beliefs about the relevance of high-risk smoking-related situations to those schematic attributes, and (c) appraisals of self-efficacy for smoking avoidance in specific contexts. The idiographic assessments of situational and self-knowledge robustly predicted patterns of intraindividual consistency and variability in self-efficacy appraisal. A response-time measure revealed that speed in making positive self-appraisals varied systematically across schema-relevant contexts. Results speak to the field's need for assessment strategies to detect, and theoretical models to explain, within-person, across-context variations in self-efficacy for avoiding addictive behaviors.