Nursing Home Staff Turnover

Impact on Nursing Home Compare Quality Measures

Published In: The Gerontologist, v. 47, no. 5, Oct. 2007, p. 650-661

Posted on on January 01, 2007

by Nicholas G. Castle, John Engberg, Aiju Men

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PURPOSE: The authors used data from a large sample of nursing homes to examine the association between staff turnover and quality. DESIGN AND METHODS: The staff turnover measures came from primary data collected from 2,840 nursing homes in 2004 (representing a 71% response rate). Data collection included measures for nurse aides, licensed practical nurses, and registered nurses. The authors examined 14 indicators of care quality that came from the Nursing Home Compare Web site. RESULTS: They found that reducing turnover from high to medium levels was associated with increased quality, but the evidence was mixed regarding the quality improvements from further lowering turnover to low levels. IMPLICATIONS: Our investigation shows that the relationship between turnover and quality might not be linear. Nevertheless, in general, high turnover is associated with poor quality.

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